Body Pain

Body pain

Pain is defined as an unpleasant or distressing sensation in the body that is prompted by the pain receptors and the nervous system. The onset of pain can be sudden or slow, depending upon biological, environmental, emotional, or cognitive factors. During any discomfort in the body, signals are transmitted to your brain through sensory neurons present in the skin and deep tissues, and you feel pain. Severe body pain can occur due to an injury, direct trauma to the body, tumor, or surgical intervention, but it diminishes over time on its own or sometimes with medical treatment. If left untreated, it may convert into chronic pain.

There are many causes of pain in the body. These may include poor body posture, excessive exercise or lifting, deprived physical condition, poor sleeping positions, overuse of muscles and joints during strenuous physical activities, bending, and carrying a heavy load. Other than these muscle strains, soft tissue injuries, burns, inflammation, swollen joints, or any muscle spasm can also cause body pain.


Symptoms of body pain vary from person to person, depending on the condition. The symptoms can be different if body pain is the result of any injury or medical condition. Some common symptoms include

  • The feeling of weakness and tiredness
  • Pain in a specific body part 
  • Fatigue, muscle or joint stiffness 
  • Fever, flu or cold
  • Shivering
  • The sensation of pain while moving parts of the body
  • Pain while lifting, walking, climbing, running, swimming  

Treatment Options


Treatment of body pain depends upon the cause of pain. In most cases, proper rest, pain-relieving medication, and therapies like massage and physiotherapy can relieve pain. However, you may need surgical intervention to treat severe or chronic pain.

Non-surgical treatments

Medications – For the milder form of body pain, medicines like Tylenol, aspirin, acetaminophen, naproxen, or anti-inflammatory drugs are used.

Icing – Massage in the affected area with ice packs for 10-15 minutes helps to reduce inflammation and decrease the flow of blood towards the injured area. It helps to ease muscle spasms and speed up the healing process. 

Proper rest – In case of small injury, bruise, or miner sprain, taking adequate rest helps to give relief.

Injections – Steroid injections are given to treat the areas of muscle and joints that contain trigger points or knots. 

Spinal cord stimulation implants – To block pain signals from reaching the brain, low-level electrical signals are transmitted to the spinal cord using a specific device. It is especially helpful in reducing pain secondary to tumours in the advanced stages. 

Surgical treatments

When physical therapy, rest, and medicines fail to offer pain relief, then surgical procedures are performed, that may include;

Intrathecal/Spinal drug delivery – In this procedure, a surgeon creates a pocket under the skin. The pocket must be large enough to hold a medicine pump, then the surgeon insert catheter carrying medicine and implant it directly to the space around the spinal cord. It results in direct pain relief. This operation is beneficial in terms of long-lasting pain relief.

Bone surgery – If pain in the body is due to any bone injury or a fracture, then the operation is performed to treat the fractured or broken bone.

Tumour removal surgery – Pain secondary to tumours is often severe and debilitating. In most cases, it cannot be relieved by taking medications or other non-surgical therapies, and surgical removal of the whole cancer or its parts is the only option for pain relief. 

Dr Ayman Eissa

Ayman is a Consultant in Anaesthesia and Pain Medicine at Sheffield Children’s Hospital and is also a specialist in the management of chronic pain in adults.

01709 464200 




By submitting information on this form you are giving us permission to contact you regarding your enquiry.

This information will NOT be used for marketing purposes.