Ingrown Toenail Surgery

Ingrown Toenail Surgery

An ingrown toenail is a widespread condition and occurs when a nail grows inside the toe’s skin. Mostly it happens with the big toe of the foot in which nail grows inside the skin and causes discomfort. 

The chances of ingrown toenail mostly increase owing to causes like cutting toenail too short, wearing ill-fitting shoes, injury of the toe, accident, poor posture, physical activity, arthritis, and stress on the foot due to running or other physical activities. 


The symptoms are usually not severe until the condition gets worse in which infection can occur or even toe bone can be affected. Some common symptoms include 

  • Redness around the toenail
  • Swelling in the affected area
  • Tenderness of toe on both sides of the nail
  • The sensation of pain in the affected toe
  • Infection in the affected area
  • Fluid buildup around the tea

Treatment Options

The purpose of treatment is to provide relief from the pain. Treatments are always suggested after doing a complete physical examination of the affected area. 

Non-surgical treatment

Simple remedies can quickly treat uninfected toenails. Some of the standard non-surgical procedures include 

  • Soaking – Soaking the feet in warm water for a few minutes daily helps provide relief from the pain by reducing swelling and tenderness.
  • Pain killers – Anti-inflammatory medicines like ibuprofen, naproxen, and acetaminophen help provide relief from the pain.
  • Wear proper-fitting shoes – Tight and fitted shoes put pressure on the toe, causing the nail to grow inside the skin and can even damage the nerve of feet. Therefore, to protect the toe from further damage, wear shoes that properly fit your feet.
  • Use of wedge – Lift the nail by putting a wedge or put dental floss or piece of cotton under the nail edge so that it may lift and grow out.

Surgical treatment

Surgical treatments are followed when non-surgical treatments fail to provide relief from the pain, and symptoms are not getting better.

  • Partial nail removing – This operation is for severely ingrown toenails. In this procedure, the ingrown portion of the nail is trimmed or removed. The surgeon numbs the toe with local anaesthesia before doing this operation.
  • Removal of the nail – If the nail is repeatedly growing on the same toe, then the portion of the nail, along with underlying tissue, is removed to stop that part of the nail from growing. It takes up to 4 months to grow the nail back.
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