Other hernia treatments

Different Types Of Hernia

A hernia occurs when there is a marked protrusion of an internal organ or other body parts through the muscle wall or tissue that holds it in place. Most hernias develop within the abdominal cavity and can also be seen in the upper thigh or groin. There are many types of hernia (depending on the location), and most of them are not life-threatening. Sometimes surgery is required to prevent complications.

Some of the common types of hernia include epigastric hernia, incisional hernia, paraumbilical, and umbilical hernia. The main difference in them is different weak opening spots. 

  • Epigastric hernia – It occurs when the intestine pushes through the abdomen below the navel, at the side of the abdominal muscle.
  • Incisional hernia – It can develop after abdominal surgery in case of an incompletely healed surgical wound. It is also classified as ventral hernia as it mostly occurs at the front of the abdomen.
  • Umbilical hernia – An umbilical hernia occurs when the abdominal wall layer doesn’t join entirely, and fatty tissues or part of the intestine pushes through the abdomen near (around) the navel.
  • Paraumbilical hernia – It is the weak area around the umbilicus. This type often develops in children.

Symptoms

Depending upon the type of hernia and its location, the common sign and symptoms may include 

  • A dull aching and burning sensation
  • The appearance of the bulge that increases if untreated 
  • Pain while lifting, exercising, walking and straining 
  • ·Swelling, redness, and pain at the side of the bulge
  • Abnormal bloating and nausea 
  • High fever, vomiting  
  • Discharge from the surgical site

Treatment Options

Treatment

The treatment of hernia depends on the type and severity of it. It can be treated through surgical as well as non- surgical treatment options. 

Non-Surgical treatment

  • Wear corsets – Wearing corsets or binder put pressure on hernia and keep it in place. It also provides relief from pain.
  • Proper diet – A healthy diet helps to strengthen muscles and tissues. Eating fibre-rich food helps to avoid constipation and can be a natural remedy in the treatment of hernia. A healthy diet must consume to maintain good health.

Surgical treatment

A hernia doesn’t disappear on its own and can lead to severe complications. Therefore, surgical procedures are performed, and they have shown to be successful

  • Herniorrhaphy – Herniorrhaphy or tissue repair involves a long incision created directly over the hernia. Then surgical tools are used to make enough space to get easy access to the tissues. Displaced organs are pushed back to their original location, and the hernial sac is removed. The muscle weakness from where hernia protrudes is sealed with stitches. 
  • Hernioplasty – Hernioplasty or mesh repair involves covering the open area of muscle with a flat, sterile mesh – instead of stitching the muscle. The mesh is made up of flexible plastic like polypropylene. It helps to strengthen the damaged tissues and help them regrow. 

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