Inguinal Hernia Repair

Inguinal Hernia Repair

An inguinal hernia occurs when tissue, such as the part of the intestine bulges through a weak spot located in the groin or scrotum region. The resulting bulge can be painful, especially while coughing, bending over or lifting a heavy object. An inguinal hernia itself is not considered so dangerous, but it does not improve on its own and can lead to threatening complications if not treated.

Numerous causes can lead to the development of an inguinal hernia. Some significant reasons are obesity, congenital disabilities, chronic constipation, lifting heavy weights, and pregnancy. Any activity that puts sudden pressure in the intra-abdominal cavity can cause hernia such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, ascites, peritoneal dialysis, cystic fibrosis, straining with urination or defecation, and ventriculoperitoneal shunt. 

Symptoms 

The symptoms of an inguinal hernia vary from person to person, so you can’t say that some signs appear in everyone, but there are some that manifest quite often, including 

  • The sensation of weakness or pressure in the groin
  • A small bulge visible in one or both sides or crotch that disappears when lying down.
  • A gurgling, burning or aching feeling at the protuberance 
  • Sharp pain while lifting, exercising, straining, or bending over.
  • Abdominal pain and feeling of discomfort
  • Abdominal bloating and nausea 

Treatment Options

Treatment 

An inguinal hernia is one of the most widespread types of hernia, affecting millions of people. Surgical and non-surgical treatments are performed to repair an inguinal hernia. 

Non-surgical treatment

Non-surgical treatments help to reduce strain on your abdominal muscle without surgery or any other complicated method. Non-surgical treatments include

  • Maintain a healthy weight – An assortment of exercise and yoga posture can help strengthen your week abdominal muscle by endorsing a steady supply of oxygenated blood to the body and preventing the displacement of abdominal organs. 
  • Icing – Apply an ice pack directly on the area of redness, bulge, swelling, or in the groin area for immediate pain relief and reduction of contraction, inflammation and bloating.
  • Fibre-rich food – Fibre-rich food can be an excellent natural remedy for the treatment of hernia. High nutritional foods like fresh vegetables, whole grains, nuts, non-citrusy fruits, a variety of seeds, and yoghurt is an excellent way to enable hernia treatment. 

Surgical treatment

Surgery is a primary treatment for hernia repair, and it is a standard and highly successful procedure. The surgical operations include; 

  • Open repair – It is a traditional method that involves a large incision made in the groin and, if the hernial sac is bulging out of the abdominal wall, it is pushed back into its place. The weak spot in muscle wall from where hernia protrudes through is repaired by sewing the edge of healthy muscle tissue together, also known as herniorrhaphy. 
  • Laparoscopic repair – It involves smaller incisions in the lower part of the abdomen. This treatment requires a telescope attached to a tiny camera (laparoscope) inserted into the body to visualize hernia defect on the monitor. The hernia sac is removed, and prosthetic mesh is placed to cover the hernia defect. The small incisions are closed with stitches that recover with time.
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